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Masculin Nombre de messages : 21879
Date d'inscription : 17/05/2007

MessageSujet: Re: Meat    Lun 22 Avr - 12:36

March 21, 2013
Ag-Gag Bills Backfire, Result in Increased Media Exposure of Factory Farm Cruelty
By Nathan Runkle
In response to a spate of undercover investigations that have uncovered horrific animal abuse and shocking food safety problems in meat, dairy, and egg production, the factory farming industry has been furiously lobbying to pass "ag-gag" laws designed to keep its cruel and unsanitary practices hidden from public view. But that effort seems to be backfiring, as scores of media outlets nationwide are throwing back the curtain on Big Ag and shining a bright light on the industry's sickening practices.

In Wyoming, Kerry Drake with the Casper Star Tribune writes: "When it comes to protecting animals from abuse, I've seen lawmakers in this state do some incredibly stupid things." Drake decries the state's ag-gag bill as "shameful," and a "new low" for Wyoming. "Criminalizing undercover investigations at such farm operations would effectively tell the owners that they can do anything they want to their livestock."

Steven Maviglio from the California Majority Report says: "Even in states dominated by agriculture, the bills have had trouble; even conservatives are wary of the threat to free speech."

And the Indianapolis Star editorialized: "Secret cameras have exposed numerous instances of unhealthful, inhumane and illegal conditions on farms and in other businesses over the years, often leading to highly beneficial corrective action. ... When government fails to fulfill its watchdog duty, citizens, especially but not exclusively in the news media, must take on that role."

From the Associated Press and ABC National News to the Salem Leader and the International Business Times, the news media has been spotlighting the unconstitutional and un-American efforts of the factory farming industry to undermine free speech and freedom of the press in order to hide its indefensible and often illegal acts from the public.

Here is just a sample of the ag-gag news coverage in only the last few weeks:

Associated Press: Bills Seek End To Farm Animal Abuse Videos

Mother Jones: Flies, Maggots, Rats, and Lots of Poop: What Big Ag Doesn't Want You To See

Nightline: 'Ag Gag' Bills Target Hidden Cameras

Raw Story: Business Lobby Moves to Criminalize Filming Animal Abuse on Factory Farms

Bakersfield Californian: Cattle Industry Must Rethink 'Ag-Gag' Bill

Food Safety News: "Ag-Gag" Bills Getting Hearings Today in Nebraska, Arkansas and Tennessee

Salon: States Seek "Ag-Gag" Laws to Silence Farm Whistleblowers

Vice: Beat Your Meat: Factory Farmers Want to Choke Their Chickens in Private

Huffington Post: Why Everyone Should Be Angry About Factory Farming

Lowell Sun: Agri-farm Bills Would Weaken Oversight

The Daily Aztec: Only We Can Stop Inhumane Factory Farming

Herald Times: Bill would shield farms, factories from cameras

Public Source: Bill would limit whistleblower activities on PA farms

Ironically, as the factory farming industry more desperately tries to hide its cruel practices, the more they are exposed.

What You Can Do to Help:

Expose Factory Farm Cruelty - Please share this video with as many people as you can and help expose the cruel and corrupt practices of factory farming industries.

Choose Vegetarian - Each time we eat, we can choose kindness over cruelty. Adopting a diet free of meat, dairy, and eggs is the single most powerful action you can take to prevent needless cruelty to farmed animals. Visit for free recipes, tips on making the switch, and more.
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Date d'inscription : 17/05/2007

MessageSujet: Re: Meat    Lun 22 Avr - 12:37

April 10, 2013
Cruelty Investigations and Ag-Gag Make Front Page of the New York Times
By Ari Solomon
Public awareness of ag-gag legislation--laws that seek to put an end to undercover investigations inside factory farms--got a major boost this past weekend when the New York Times ran an article on the front page of its Sunday edition.

In "Taping of Farm Cruelty Is Becoming the Crime," journalist Richard A. Oppel, Jr., exposes the meat industry's efforts to silence animal activists simply looking to reveal the truth about what goes on behind closed doors on today's animal farms. He mentions MFA's undercover investigation inside Sparboe Farms, which exposed workers burning off the beaks of chicks without painkillers, sadistically and maliciously torturing animals, and throwing live birds into plastic bags and leaving them to suffocate. The article quotes MFA's general counsel Vandhana Bala, who asserts that ag-gag legislation has definitely had a "chilling effect" on the ability to conduct undercover investigations.

Just this past year, laws passed in Iowa, Utah, and Missouri made it virtually impossible to conduct undercover investigations without breaking the law. Similar laws are now being introduced in several other states.

For over ten years, Mercy For Animals has exposed horrendous animal cruelty through our hidden-camera exposés. We've documented patterns of abuse that have brought criminal and felony charges against perpetrators. We've also motivated major companies to change their corporate policies with regard to animal welfare. In addition, MFA investigators have uncovered unsanitary conditions that could have led to serious human health risks.

Ag-gag laws serve only one purpose: to protect the industries that profit off of animal exploitation and abuse. They are a threat to the animals, who suffer daily, and a threat to human health.

To stay in the loop about the proposal and passage of ag-gag laws, sign up for our email list to receive our e-newsletters.
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MessageSujet: Re: Meat    Lun 22 Avr - 12:39

April 14, 2013

Shame on Walmart: Provocative New MFA Ad Calls Out Retailer's Support of Animal Cruelty
By Brigid Sweeney
This morning, Walmart executives and Benton County Daily Record readers in Bentonville, AR, were greeted with a Mercy For Animals advertisement that reveals the abusive farming practices in Walmart's pork supply chain. The provocative, full-page ad calls out Walmart for continuing to work with pork suppliers that use gestation crates--tiny cages that trap pregnant pigs in spaces so small they are barely able to move for nearly their entirely lives.

See the full ad here:
These intelligent and social animals are forced to suffer because Walmart refuses to take a stand that all of its major competitors already have. More than 50 major food providers, including Walmart's greatest competitors Costco, Target, Kroger, and Safeway, have committed to phasing out gestation crates. As the largest retailer in the world, Walmart's decision to phase out gestation crates could finally put an end to this inherently cruel practice. With this simple commitment from Walmart executives, pigs raised in the United States would finally be able to turn around, extend their limbs, lie down comfortably, and engage in natural behaviors.

See for yourself the abusive practices that Walmart executives continue to support in this undercover video recently shot at one of Walmart's major pork suppliers:

Please join MFA's Walmart Cruelty campaign and demand that Walmart put a stop to confinement of mother pigs in cruel crates--a practice that has already been banned by the entire European Union and nine US states. Your email will go directly to Walmart executives Mike Duke, Bill Simon, and Doug McMillon. Take action at
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Date d'inscription : 17/05/2007

MessageSujet: Re: Meat    Lun 22 Avr - 12:40

APRIL 22 2013

To produce pork for Walmart stores, pregnant pigs are condemned to lives
of misery crammed in narrow stalls barely larger than their bodies. In such
confinement, these social and intelligent animals are unable to even turn around,
lie down comfortably, walk, play, or engage in natural behaviors. Leading
animal welfare expert Dr. Temple Grandin says these stalls “have got to go.”
Yet, Walmart has failed to act.
Walmart’s leading competitors, including Costco, Kmart, Kroger, Safeway,
McDonald’s, and over 40 other food providers, are already requiring their pork
suppliers to end the inherently cruel practice of cramming pigs in crates. Nine
states have banned their use.
And still, Walmart has failed to act.
What is Walmart waiting on? The time to end animal abuse is now.
For supporting animal abuse.

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MessageSujet: Re: Meat    Lun 22 Avr - 12:40

Eating With Our Eyes Closed
Published: April 9, 2013

The food that comes from factory farms is ultimately consumed by the public, which gives the public an interest in knowing how that food is produced. But in most of the major agricultural states, laws have been introduced or passed that would make it illegal to gather evidence, by filming or photography, about the internal operations of factory farms where animals are being raised.
Today's Editorials

Editorial: The Public Wants Background Checks (April 10, 2013)
Editorial: Not Enough Reform on Derivatives (April 10, 2013)
Editorial: Worry Over Attention Deficit Cases (April 10, 2013)
Related in Opinion

Op-Ed Contributor: Open the Slaughterhouses (April 9, 2013)

Connect With Us on Twitter
For Op-Ed, follow @nytopinion and to hear from the editorial page editor, Andrew Rosenthal, follow @andyrNYT.
The precedent was set by Iowa in 2012, when Gov. Terry Branstad signed a law that makes undercover investigation of animal abuses in these facilities a crime. Utah and Missouri have passed similar laws. Some states already exempt factory farms from animal cruelty restrictions. Now these proposals would make it almost impossible for anyone to gather the kind of information that might provoke enough public outrage to get these exemptions modified.

Factory farms, like all homes and businesses, are already protected by law against trespassing. The so-called “ag-gag” laws now being considered by several states, including California, Illinois and Indiana, have nothing to do with protecting property. Their only purpose is to keep consumers in the dark, to make sure we know as little as possible about the grim details of factory farming. These bills are pushed by intensive lobbying from agribusiness corporations and animal production groups.

The ag-gag laws guarantee one thing for certain: increased distrust of American farmers and our food supply in general. They are exactly the wrong solution to a problem entirely of big agriculture’s own making. Instead of ag-gag laws, we need laws that impose basic standards on farm conditions and guarantee our right to know how our food is being produced.

Meet The New York Times’s Editorial Board
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MessageSujet: Re: Meat    Ven 3 Mai - 12:00

may 4th 2013

Opening this email can SAVE A LIFE.
Posted by Jessica Getty (campaign leader)

Tell your friends about this
Will YOU Stand up for Animals in the Meat and Dairy Industries?

Make a donation before our April 30 deadline and help fight cruelty to animals! Donate today.

Animals aren't machines to be used and run into the ground. They are living, breathing, sentient creatures. They are wonderful, loving mothers. They love to socialize, spend time together, and form complex relationships. Yet on farms, babies are snatched away from their mothers just hours after being born. They are subjected to painful mutilations, intensive confinement, and are denied virtually everything that is natural to them. Please help end this cruelty right now.

If not you, then who?
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Date d'inscription : 17/05/2007

MessageSujet: Re: Meat    Dim 14 Juil - 16:57


Eating animals is, without doubt, the human activity that impacts negatively upon the largest numbers of animals. It is estimated that about 90-95% of the animals that suffer and die due to human intervention do so because of the demand for animals as "food".

From our childhood onward, we are brought up in an environment where eating animals is something "normal". For that reason, most of us never ask ourselves if there could be something wrong with it. As a result, we tend not to see that a meal that for us means a moment of pleasure, for the animals we eat means, quite simply, their lives. It is only possible to do this if we consider the interests of animals to be totally irrelevant. However, if we really think about it, we can see how difficult such an attitude is to maintain.

Sometimes, certain uses of animals are defended, provided these don't cause them suffering. But this means we are denying one of the interests all animals have - that of staying alive.

Whether painful or not, death always means the deprivation of all our possibilities to have positive experiences.

Apart from having an interest in not suffering, we animals (remember that we humans are animals too) also have an interest in feeling satisfaction and experiencing pleasure, which implies an interest in maintaining our physical integrity and our freedom; and, more importantly, in staying alive. This is present to such an extent that only in extreme cases, such as when an unavoidable and painful death is near, can we understand that our interest in not suffering outweighs our interest in living. In fact, most of us will fight to stay alive, even if this means enormous suffering. This shows that it is meaningless to put animals' interests in not being subjected to suffering above their interest in living itself - both are obviously of great importance.
To use animals as food means that we are viewing them as resources and thus frustrating their most basic interests. Depriving them of their lives and liberty and causing them suffering is all inherent in the raising of them for food.

The force of the argument is clear; there is no justification for depriving a sentient being of her or his life and causing her or him suffering.

(Text taken from whose website is now unavailable)
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MessageSujet: Re: Meat    Mar 16 Juil - 14:27

JULY 16TH 2013

New Video: Meet MFA's Undercover Investigators

Mercy For Animals via
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Some of the greatest champions for farmed animals are the brave individuals whose voices we never hear and faces we never see. Today, we are proud to introduce you to some of our undercover investigators and offer a rare glimpse into the lives, hearts, and minds of the fearless and selfless individuals who go behind the locked doors of factory farms to speak for the animals inside. Every single time MFA investigators go undercover at factory farms and slaughterhouses, they emerge with images that shock most consumers and are critical to effecting important change.

Our brave investigators have seen it all: ducks grabbed by their fragile wings and necks, metal force-feeding pipes shoved down their throats, piglets slammed into the ground and left to slowly suffer and die, turkeys kicked and stomped on, and the repeated shocking of a downed cow who was then dragged by her neck using a chain attached to a tractor.
Please watch our inspiring new video that shares the stories of MFA’s courageous hidden heroes, and then make a generous donation to fund their efforts. Thanks to an anonymous MFA donor, your gift will be matched, dollar for dollar, now through July 31. Undercover investigations are the most powerful tool we have to pursue legal justice for farmed animals. Our investigations have led to landmark cruelty convictions against factory farms, major corporate animal welfare reforms, and a steadily growing awareness among consumers of the powerful impact of their food choices. Because of our undercover investigators MFA has achieved many great things on behalf of farmed animals:

A ban by Costco Wholesale—the third-largest grocery retailer in the United States—on the sale of veal from calves cruelly chained by the neck in narrow wooden crates
First-ever civil conviction against a major egg factory farm for cruelty to animals
Felony and misdemeanor charges against seven workers at a calf factory farm in Texas—a first in Texas history
Numerous cruelty convictions against workers of Butterball, including the first-ever felony conviction for cruelty to factory farmed birds in US history
These are just a few examples of the change that happens when compassionate people stand together to fight for farmed animals. Please view our inspiring video highlighting the work of our compassionate, dedicated investigators and support their efforts to expose the unconscionable cruelties inherent in animal agriculture and to pursue justice against animal abusers.

Remember, an anonymous MFA donor is matching every gift made up to $100,000 during the month of July. This means your gift will go twice as far in supporting our crucial efforts to shine a light on the rampant cruelty and abuse hidden behind the locked doors of factory farms. Make your gift today to support MFA’s investigative efforts, and give us the opportunity to seek justice for those who have no voice. Every dollar you give will be matched! Please lend your support and be a voice for the ducks force-fed for foie gras, the pregnant pigs locked in narrow crates, the abused turkeys of Butterball, the beaten dairy cows, and the billions more animals who rely on MFA’s lifesaving work.

Your support saves lives. Their lives depend on us, and we depend on you. Thank you for continuing to stand by our side. Please, make your gift today to support our efforts to shine a light on farmed animal abuse. The fight to bring justice for the animals suffering inside factory farms begins with you.
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Date d'inscription : 17/05/2007

MessageSujet: Re: Meat    Lun 22 Juil - 17:41

March 12th 2012

Meat The Truth

Meat The Truth is an engaging, thought provoking feature produced by the Party for the Animals from the Netherlands. The film picks up where An Inconvenient Truth conveniently left off, and is a must-see for anyone who cares about the future of life on this planet.
“Everybody needs to know that food and agriculture contributes to climate change and has environmental impact.”
By now you've probably seen 'An Inconvenient Truth', and if you haven't, you are no doubt aware that the Earth is in crisis due to ever increasing greenhouse gases. But do you know the whole story?
While Al Gore focused on carbon emissions, which without question are harmful, he failed to mention that there is a greenhouse gas 21 times more potent than carbon dioxide that is polluting our environment everyday — methane. The largest producers of methane gas? Livestock. Read More »
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MessageSujet: Re: Meat    Mer 24 Juil - 15:44

March 10 , 2011

Meatless Monday in the Workplace

Did you know that going meat-free just one day a week can improve your health, protect the environment, fight world hunger, and help animals? Amazing, right? And what better way to accomplish all of this (and more!) than by implementing Meatless Monday at your workplace?
Meatless Monday is a growing trend, and it's a great way to reduce your company's carbon footprint. It's also an effective way to spread the animal rights message. Many people have successfully led their company to join the Meatless Monday movement, and you can too! We will give you all the tools you need to implement a Meatless Monday campaign at your workplace. The more people who take part, the bigger the impact we will have!
Here's what you can do:
1. Download the customizable Meatless Monday pack, which includes sample menus to deliver to dining managers, information about vegan food distributors and manufacturers, printable factsheets about the harmful environmental effects of meat production, customizable petitions that your coworkers can sign to show their support of adopting Meatless Mondays at their workplace, and printable "Meat's Not Green" leaflets.
2. Place the leaflets and factsheets around your workplace to encourage your coworkers to support the campaign and sign the petition to show their approval of implementing Meatless Mondays. Once you gather the signatures, show them to the administrators and the company decisionmakers so that they know that ditching meat one day a week is the best thing that they can do for their health and for the environment.
3. Feel free to shoot us an e-mail if you have any questions. We'll do everything in our power to help you make a difference. We'd love to hear your story, so be sure to let us know how it goes! If your campaign is a success, we will send you your very own PETA T-shirt to honor all your hard work.
Best of luck with your campaigning!
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MessageSujet: Re: Meat    Jeu 25 Juil - 6:36

may 5th 2011

Eating for Your Health


Filling your plate with meat, dairy products, and eggs could be a recipe for heart disease, obesity, cancer, diabetes, and even impotence. Leading health experts agree that going vegan is the single best thing we can do for ourselves and our families.

Healthy vegan diets support a lifetime of good health and provide protection against numerous diseases, including some of our country's biggest killers: heart disease, cancer, and strokes.

The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics states that vegetarians and vegans enjoy a lower risk of death from ischemic heart disease, lower blood cholesterol levels, lower blood pressure, lower rates of hypertension and type 2 diabetes, and lower body mass indexes, as well as lower overall cancer rates. The ADA concludes that vegetarian or vegan diets "are healthful, nutritionally adequate, and may provide health benefits in the prevention and treatment of certain diseases.

Did You Know? A major 2006 study of 135,000 people found that those who frequently ate grilled skinless chicken had a staggering 52 percent higher risk of bladder cancer than people who never ate it.

Well-planned vegan diets provide us with all the nutrients that we need, minus all the saturated fat, cholesterol, and contaminants found in animal flesh, eggs, and dairy foods. Scientists have also found that vegetarians have stronger immune systems than their meat-eating friends; this means that they are less susceptible to everyday illnesses such as the flu. Vegetarians and vegans live, on average, six to 10 years longer than meat-eaters.

Did You Know? Meat and dairy consumption have been linked to diabetes.

The good news is that it's never been easier to go vegetarian. Take PETA's Pledge to Be Vegan for 30 Days and see how great you feel after just one month on a healthy vegan diet.
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MessageSujet: Re: Meat    Jeu 25 Juil - 6:44

2 de mayo de 2011

Meat and the Environment


Would you ever open your refrigerator, pull out 16 plates of pasta, toss 15 in the trash, and then eat just one plate of food? How about leveling 55 square feet of rain forest for a single meal or dumping 2,400 gallons of water down the drain? Of course you wouldn't. But if you're eating chickens, fish, turkeys, pigs, cows, milk, or eggs, that's what you're doing—wasting resources and destroying our environment.

A recent United Nations report concluded that a global shift toward a vegan diet is necessary to combat the worst effects of climate change. And the U.N. is not alone in its analysis. A staggering 51 percent or more of global greenhouse-gas emissions are caused by animal agriculture, according to a report published by the Worldwatch Institute. Researchers at the University of Chicago concluded that switching from a standard American diet to a vegan diet is more effective in the fight against climate change than switching from a standard American car to a hybrid. And a German study conducted in 2008 concluded that a meat-eater's diet is responsible for more than seven times as much greenhouse-gas emissions as a vegan's diet is. The verdict is in: If you care about the environment, one of the single most effective things that you can do to save it is to adopt a vegan diet.

Many leading environmental organizations, including the National Audubon Society, the Worldwatch Institute, the Sierra Club, the Union of Concerned Scientists, and even Al Gore's Live Earth—have recognized that raising animals for food damages the environment more than just about anything else that we do. Whether it's the overuse of resources, global warming, massive water or air pollution, or soil erosion, raising animals for food is wreaking havoc on the Earth.

The most important step you can take to save the planet is to go vegetarian. Order PETA's free vegetarian/vegan starter kit for tips and recipes to get you started on an Earth-friendly vegan diet today.
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MessageSujet: Re: Meat    Ven 2 Aoû - 10:03


British meat crisis: has BSE spread to sheep?

"We recognise, I hope, our special responsibilities to the aged and infirm, towards the sick, the mentally subnormal and the physically handicapped. We say that such sentient creatures that are less able to care for themselves deserve our special care and support. The same argument applies to children - and we as adults claim we recognise special duties towards them. If this is so, then why do we not recognise our special duties towards individuals from less clever species?"
Richard Ryder

For moral arguments do have a habit of becoming easier to appreciate when they coincide with financial self-interest. We must hope that Sainsbury's reconsiders its policy of stocking exotic meats after weighing up the moral dimension - and perhaps their company balance-sheets - once more.
Sainsbury's can be e-mailed with your views at:
Or ring:
Freephone Customer Careline
0800 636 262
or write to:
Customer Relations,
Stamford House,
Stamford Street,
London SE1 9LL, UK
Sainsbury's UK
Me gusta ·

Human greed and callousness have few limits. In the light of history, it is diffucult to be shocked at the nastier extremes of human behaviour. Yet profiting from this vile and gruesome business is morally indefensible in any civilised society. In all conscience, Sainsbury's and their ilk should be banned from doing so by law. Consumer boycotts of companies like Sainsbury's which promote suffering on such a scale may appear to be only a small and token gesture. The amount of pain in the world can easily seem to dwarf all our attempts to minimise it. We must simply do our best, however little that may be.

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MessageSujet: Re: Meat    Ven 2 Aoû - 10:04


The pretty pictures of animals found on these pages can only disguise the sordid realities of the meat trade itself. Somehow the atrocities must be stopped. Sainsbury's, meanwhile, are successfully making money from the nightly bloodbath. Quite legally, the superstore chain markets kangaroo flesh as 'exotic meat'. Such euphemisms hide atrocities of a viciousness and cynicism it is hard to imagine.

That's a pretty strong association," said Cho, who is also a professor of epidemiology at the Brigham & Women's Hospital in Boston. Other researchers praised the study for being well conducted, but said more research is needed to confirm and explore the findings. "The study is well done and I'm sure it will create some interest to try to replicate the findings, " said Eugenia Calle of the American Cancer Society. "But until that happens we can't draw conclusions about whether this is a true association or something that's just been observed in a single study

When the researchers analyzed whether red meat consumption was associated with an increased risk for breast cancer between 1991 and 2003, they found no overall link. But when they examined only the 512 women who developed breast cancer whose growth is fueled by the hormones estrogen and progesterone, they found an association. The risk increased with the amount of red meat consumed, with those who ate more than 1 1/2 servings a day having nearly double the risk for the so-called hormone-receptor positive breast cancer compared to those who ate three or fewer servings per week. A serving is roughly equivalent to a single hamburger or hot dog
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MessageSujet: Re: Meat    Ven 2 Aoû - 10:05


Those who consumed the most red meat faced nearly twice the risk of those who ate red meat infrequently. The study, published today in the Archives of Internal Medicine, is the first to examine the relationship between red meat consumption and breast cancer in premenopausal women, and the first to examine the question by type of breast cancer.

"So many risk factors for breast cancer are things that you can't alter," said Nancy E. Davidson, a breast cancer expert at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore. "This represents something women could take charge of -- something you can change to affect your risk." The reason why red meat might increase the risk for breast cancer remains unknown, but previous research has suggested several possible reasons: Substances produced by cooking meat may be carcinogenic;

Naturally occurring substances in meat may mimic the action of hormones, or hormones farmers feed cows to make them grow bigger could fuel breast cancer in women who consume meat from the animals.
Researchers have long wondered whether there might be a risk between red meat consumption and breast cancer risk, but few studies have addressed the question. Those that have, including one large analysis that pooled data from eight studies, failed to find any association
But the earlier studies focused on older women and did not differentiate between types of breast cancer. In the new study, Cho and her colleagues analyzed data collected from 90,659 female nurses ages 26 to 46 who are participating in the Nurses' Health Study II, a long-term project examining a host of women's health issues. As part of the study, researchers gathered detailed information about their diets every four years.
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MessageSujet: Re: Meat    Ven 30 Aoû - 16:02

InformaciónMeet Your Meat

Battery Cage
Meet Your Meat is a 2002 documentary about factory farming created by People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA), narrated by Alec Baldwin, and directed by Bruce Friedrich and Cem Akin. The documentary explores the treatment of animals in modern animal agriculture (also known as industrial agriculture or factory farming). The film runs 12 minutes long.

The film documents several cases of cruelty to animals, including:

Egg-laying hens live in crowded cages, six or seven hens to one battery cage the size of a file drawer.
Cattle are castrated, their horns are ripped off, and third-degree burns (livestock branding) are inflicted on them, all without anesthetic.
Cows used for their milk have their babies removed from them shortly after birth. These calves are sent to veal farms.
Chickens bred and drugged to grow so quickly that their hearts, lungs, and limbs often can't keep up.
Mother pigs (sows) are confined to gestation crates that are so small that the pigs cannot turn around or even lie down.
Chickens' and turkeys' beaks are burned or cut off without anesthetic.

Hogs in a factory farm
Meet Your Meat helped influence Burger King to adopt more humane policies.

See also[edit source | edit]
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MessageSujet: Re: Meat    Lun 9 Sep - 15:06

Salut à tous.Pourriez - vous mettre cela partout svp:emails,murs,fenêtres panneaux aux travails,écoles,tout endroits où on peut mettre des affiches,endroits où beaucoup de gens vont (boulageries , banques , conservatoires de musique,magasins,gymnases,cabinets médicaux,vétos, myspace , facebooks , facebooks de tous vos contacts , messages privées,skype,chats,blogs,sites,envoyez ça à tous vos contacts svp.Chaque personne qui reçoit ça envoyez - le à tous vos contacts svp.Si vous envoyez que par email et vous n'avez pas emails de contacts de facebook,demandez-leur leurs emails et envoyez leur par email.Si vous connaissez des gens,vous n'avez pas leur email et facebook,demandez leur leur email et d'être vos contacts sur facebook svp.Vous ne pouvez pas tous les faire,tant pis,normal pas le temps,faites jsute 1 ou 2 (emails+facbooks)merci milles fois pour tout ce que vous faites pour les ANIMAUX.Si cette cause vous tient à coeur, investissez vous dans cette cause svp.De toute façon, il ne faut pas qu'elle ne vous tienne pas à coeur parce-que c'est mal de n'avoir aucun sentiment, aucune pitié pour les ANIMAUX.L'expérimentation sur des animaux c'est de la cruauté animale : donnons une voix à ceux qui nen nont pas.Faites entendre votre voix pour dénoncer cet injuste massacre ! Vous avez déjà fait beaucoup pour les animaux mais vous pouvez faire encore plus simplement en invitant les êtres que vous connaissez à signer.Diffusez la pétition pour atteindre l'objectif = invitez vos amis à signer, partagez sur facebook, partagez sur twitter; Ainsi vous donnez toutes les chances à cette initiative d’aller jusqu’au bout. Si vous voulez vraiment aider cette pétition et donc les animaux, vous savez désormais comment faire.Merci du fond de LEURS coeurs et de celui de tous les humains qui défendent les sans voix.
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Date d'inscription : 17/05/2007

MessageSujet: Re: Meat    Jeu 12 Sep - 10:17

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Masculin Nombre de messages : 21879
Date d'inscription : 17/05/2007

MessageSujet: Re: Meat    Lun 16 Sep - 13:58

Hi all.Please help by sharing this with everyone.To all who receive this;Please send this to all your contacts + put this on facebook, blog, youtube, facebooks of your friends, walls , offices, jobs, shops, the mall, the doctor, any wall.You can print the links and texts , private mesages, skype, twitter, myspace, anywhere on the internet , talk about this to humans you know can't do all of them,no porblem,don't have a printer,it's ok,just do these two then:send emails + facebook mesages +put this on your facebooks walls.Thanks.If you're at school,work,you have 5 minutes and have a computer with u,please show this to your colleges,students,teachers,anyone who is there,at home with your family or friends.Thanks.

We have to take action.How?This way: we have to all go to websites,chats,forums,blogs,youtube,facebooks about animals and about animal welfare.If you all got a little time,10-15min a day is enough.Whenever you see someone say oh this is so cruel,poor animals etc you send them a private message on youtube or on facebook etc and tell them to give them their emails and facebooks,because you want to save animals and want them to help you save anmals etc.If they dot trust you guys,tell them you won't steal their money,won't put viruses into their comps.They dont wanna give you guys their emails and facebooks,tell them to create fake ones,empty,just to receive the emails and nothing else,put a fake name,fake age,another country,another age,say they're a men if they're a woman ect so this will show them you don't have bad intentions.And that they send the emails you send them to all their contacts.Because if we want to inform as many humans as posible,one human must send the mesages to all their contacts,these humans to all their contacts and so on and so forth.So this is what is called TAKING ACTION.Because one don't need to be in an animla rights association to SAVE LIVES.Only with the emails and facebooks twitter we can save them because we put stuff bout animal welfare on facebook,our cotnacts see it and they stop eating animals.So cool!You can go on sites about animals,only animals,not animal rights,not animla welfare because the people who go there may like animals. they may know nothing about meat,fur ect so you can ask them to give you their emails.You can go on websites about veganism but as they all probably are already vegans,so you don't need their emails.You can go on websites about animal welfare because many people who go on these websites aren't vegan or don't know what it is.Because these associations and websites aren't about meat,eggs,milk but about hunt,fur,abanddonned animals ect.So try to fin as may humans as posible.If we don't inform people,they'll never know all this.They'll never wanna change.never wanna respect animals.How?if they don't know.They don't think about all this.We HAVE TO make them think about this.That's the only way we are going to SAVE LIVES.Thanks in advance.As soon as they'll discovere all these terrible cruelties,if they got hearts,only will they stop buying eating dead animals.But its because they'll know everything.If they no nothing,they can't feel compassion,or pain in their hearts and soul for participating to this all because they'll just buy and eat thinking it's delicious and that's it.Thinking it's a thing,piece of food.They'll change the way they see animals,they'll see them as LIVING BEINGS,jsut like humans,capable of feeling pain,hapiness,walking,thinking,having hearts that beat ect only because we'll send all this to them,so they'll finally see animals as BEINGS not as a thing or food anymore.They'll see them as an animals who got legs,paws,wonderful eyes etc not like a thing you buy in a grocery shop and eat because what they eat had eyes,lives,families, and cared so much bout their own lives.God bless you all.

So if you guys send this to all your contacts and to many people on the internet,you'll be informing hundreds or thousands of humans,all over the world,because youll send to people from many english-speaking countries and because not only you guys will send this,but your cotnacts,the contacts of each of your contacts and so on and so forth so this a huge amount of humans,and if everybody keep this chain,we'll inform the world universe,so hopefully,many humans from all voer planet earth will stop buyig eating dead animals,thanks to all waht all of us have done!!!!Let's do this then!
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Date d'inscription : 17/05/2007

MessageSujet: Re: Meat    Dim 27 Oct - 10:12

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Magazine : Cover Story
The Trouble With Meat
Why Oprah Was Right, The Texas Cattlemen Were Wrong, And The Crisis Facing The American Hamburger Isn't Over
April 30, 1998 | Jim Motavalli | {tags url_separator="+" backspace="2"}{name}, {/tags}
Photo: Pigsty Photo: FARM Photo: Gail Eisnitz / Humane Farming Association Photo: USDA © 1997 James Marshall
In 1992, when he was 11 years old, Damion Heersink of the southeastern Alabama town of Dothan attended a Boy Scout campout, and unwittingly ate a quarter-sized piece of uncooked hamburger. It’s certainly not unusual for kids to eat hamburgers: American kids eat an average of five of them a week, mostly in fast-food restaurants. But Damion’s hamburger was contaminated with E. coli O157:H7, a particularly virulent but by no means uncommon bacteria that is caused by fecal contamination of meat, and aggravated by the grinding process that produces hamburger.

Damion was one of the lucky ones. Although he became very sick and endured a lengthy hospitalization, he lived. His mother, Mary Heersink, who has become an articulate spokesperson for Safe Tables Our Priority (STOP), a national group lobbying for reform of food safety laws, says, “We’re very lucky to have him alive; if he hadn’t had very aggressive treatment [due to the work of his physician father and a family friend who specializes in E. coli cases], he would have died.” Because of his illness, Damion lost 30 percent of his lung tissue, and the lining of his heart. His immune system was shattered, leaving him at constant risk of infection. His verbal ability was impaired, his kidney function limited, and he will be susceptible to hypertension later in life.

© Index Stock Photography
© Index Stock Photography
Lauren Beth Rudolph died after eating a cheeseburger laced with E. coli 0157:H7 (right).
Index Stock Photography

Lauren Beth Rudolph, a six-year-old from Carslbad, California with blond bangs and an engaging smile, wasn’t as lucky as Damion, who is now filling out college applications. In late 1992, Lauren Beth ate a fast-food cheeseburger laced with E. coli. Like Damion, she was attacked by hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS), a wasting disease that invades nearly every organ in the body and destroys the blood’s ability to clot. But unlike Damion, she couldn’t fight it off, and became one of the 10 percent of E. coli victims who die from severe HUS, which itself kills an estimated 500 people a year. Lauren Beth succumbed to a heart attack a few days before the beginning of 1993, a year which would be marked by a massive outbreak of E. coli and the deaths of three children at Seattle, Washington Jack in the Box restaurants. Almost unknown and unidentified as a risk factor in meat until the early 1980s, E. coli O157:H7 has become the leading cause of kidney failure in American children. In 1997 alone, some 25 million pounds of hamburger were found to be E. coli infected and recalled.

Unfortunately, the grim reality of E. coli infection is not an isolated stain on the reputation of an otherwise hygenic American meat supply. E. coli, along with other meat-borne pathogens like Salmonella ententidis and Campylobacter, both found in poultry, can be traced to our highly productive “factory farms.” Genetically “optimized” pigs, cattle, sheep, turkeys and chickens are raised in tightly packed confinement systems—an ideal breeding ground for bacteria. And the looming problem is made far worse by the filthy conditions in America’s slaughterhouses, where the profit motive has accelerated line speeds and made effective government meat inspection nearly impossible.

The industry’s answer to contaminated meat isn’t basic reform of its production methods. It prefers cheaper alternatives, like chemical “dehairing” of cattle and the use of Superglue to seal up chickens’ hindquarters—both to remove sources of the fecal contamination that carries bacteria. And last December, the industry won Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval to attack the contamination problem through large-scale irradiation of meat with gamma rays from nuclear byproducts cobalt-60 and cesium-137. Critics say the benefits of what the food industry prefers to call “cold pasteurization” (it does kill E. coli, for instance), are outweighed by its dangers, and that a far more comprehensive program is necessary to protect the meat supply.

Michael Colby, executive director of the Vermont-based Food & Water, says, “They’re allowing the filth to flourish, then zapping it with radiation that’s the equivalent of tens of millions of chest X-rays. The process reduces both the vitamin content and the nutritional value of the meat.” Caroline Smith DeWaal of the Center for Science in the Public Interest agrees that “irradiation is definitely being oversold as a solution to food safety problems. We need to make sure the filth is removed earlier in the process.” The industry is trying to silence its critics (including Colby, who received a warning letter) through the “food disparagement” laws that are on the books in 13 states. These laws made it possible to prosecute talk show host Oprah Winfrey for saying that the threat of “mad cow” disease had stopped her from eating hamburgers.

Meat: A Global Addiction

Photo: Farm
It’s important to look at the American way of producing and consuming meat, because it is, increasingly, a model for the rest of the world. Despite numerous health advisories, from the American Cancer Society to the American Dietary Association, that counsel consumers to limit their intake of high-fat animal protein, U.S. per capita consumption of beef and pork has steadily risen since 1970, and poultry consumption has almost tripled. A record 8.5 billion chickens were slaughtered in 1997 alone.

Diet is also firmly established as a leading factor in cancer risk: Dr. Walter Willett of Harvard’s Departments of Nutrition and Epidemiology cites more than 200 studies that suggest there is a reduced cancer risk in people who cut back on animal products and eat plenty of fruits and vegetables. And while we may have come to believe that heart disease is a natural and expected end to life, the incidence of this number one killer of Americans is much lower in countries that adhere to a low-fat diet with minimal animal products. Alan Durning, director of Northwest Environmental Watch, puts it simply, “If you think about individual lifestyle choices Americans can make, eating less meat should be in the top 10.” Currently, the Chinese have only five percent of the heart disease risk of western societies, but those figures are likely to change as the Chinese diet increasingly resembles our own.
Even with “mad cow” outbreaks of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) in Great Britain, world meat production rose 1.6 percent in 1996, to 195 million tons. Global production and per capita consumption have doubled since 1950. Meat-based diets are on the rise most spectacularly in Asia, whose rising affluence led to a doubling of meat consumption between 1970 and 1992. Japan is now the number one export market for U.S. beef and pork, and it has also experienced outbreaks of meat-borne disease, including an E. coli O157:H7 epidemic in 1996 that killed at least seven people and injured 8,700. Although U.S. beef was not held responsible for the outbreak, the resulting furor seriously damaged U.S. sales to Japan.

Meat production in China, which experienced a 40 percent jump in per capita income between 1990 and 1994, has risen faster than anywhere else in the world. China, the most populous country in the world, now accounts for a quarter of the world’s production and consumption of meat. Last year, China’s Xinhua news agency reported that there are 1,000 foreign or joint-venture meat processing projects underway in the country. “Extensive international cooperation is needed to push the meat industry to a new stage of development,” said Vice Minister of Internal Trade He Jihai at a world meat conference in Beijing.

In 1997, 8.5 billion chickens were slaughtered on automated—and
often contaminated—production lines like this one.

But that “new stage” of intensive agriculture may bring with it some western-style problems. Last December, the government of Hong Kong ordered the slaughter of more than one million chickens, the former colony’s whole population, after a strain of influenza virus killed four people. Eighty percent of Hong Kong’s poultry comes from farms in mainland China. Building a Livable Future

Dr. Robert Lawrence, one of the founders of the Center for a Livable Future at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, puts an ironic twist on an old dinner table admonishment. Instead of telling kids to eat all their food because of “the starving children in China,” the modern version is, “Don’t put all that food on your plate—think of all the starving future generations.”

The notion that a period of food scarcity might be ahead, and that our wasteful, unhealthy, factory-farmed, meat-based diet is at the root of the problem, provided the impetus for the new center’s founding last year. Dr. Polly Walker, the center’s director, compares the task of changing people’s diets to that of getting Americans to recycle. “Recycling didn’t change the standard of living, but it changed the way people did things,” she says. “It was assumed then that Americans would never clean and sort their containers, but now it’s a natural part of living.”

Walker sees the center’s work as “getting at the nexis of consumption, environment, land use and modern farming methods. The purpose is to affect policy and change public opinion.” To that end, the center held its first conference, “Equity, Health and the Earth’s Resources: Food Security and Social Justice,” at the school last November. In a talk entitled, “What is a Healthy Diet?” Dr. T. Colin Campbell of Cornell University discussed his work with The China Health Project, which has studied the diets of Chinese peasants since the early 1980s. His conclusion: the more plant-based foods in the diet, the lower the incidence of disease. “The Chinese who eat the least fat and animal products have substantially lower rates of cancer, heart attack and several other chronic, degenerative diseases,” Dr. Campbell says. Ironically, Chinese cities are trying to play catch up with the west: Shanghai, for instance, has Kentucky Fried Chicken, Pizza Hut and McDonald’s.

While it’s not an animal rights group, the center concludes that modern intensive animal agriculture methods “harm animals unnecessarily and produce food inefficiently.” Henry Spira, the veteran activist who is coordinator of Animal Rights International in New York, says the center’s work “is important because it focuses on solving problems,” he says. “It’s not just a bunch of academics talking. It’s a think tank, but also a ‘do’ tank.”

—Jim Motavalli

A global switch to meat-based diets and factory farming methods is very much an environmental issue, both because of widespread land degradation as a result of overgrazing and the increasing diversion of world grain supplies and productive farm land to feed a burgeoning population of domesticated animals. China, for instance, fed 17 percent of its grain to livestock in 1985; by 1994, that figure had risen to 23 percent. In the U.S.—the model—70 percent of the grain produced is fed to animals. As Dr. Robert Lawrence of the new Johns Hopkins Center for a Livable Future (see sidebar) points out, “The inefficiency of converting eight or nine kilograms of grain protein into one kilogram of animal protein for human consumption would by itself be sufficient argument against continuation of our present dietary habits.”

Lester Brown of The Worldwatch Institute, whose report on likely grain shortages in China caused an international furor in 1996, says, “What’s happening in China teaches us that, despite rising affluence, our likely world population of 10 billion people won’t be able to live as high on the food chain as the average American. There simply won’t be enough food. Much of the animal overgrazing we first reported in a 1991 paper is worse now than it was then. The pressures on the world’s rangelands are more serious than those on oceanic fisheries. We’re pushing our natural systems to their limits and beyond, with the likely result that we’ll see the growing impoverishment of rural areas.”

It isn’t only developing countries that may be forced to reverse the current world trend toward heavier meat consumption. Brown’s position is bolstered by a 1995 report from the American Association for the Advancement of Science, which said that Americans will probably be eating far less meat and dairy products by 2050. U.S. croplands, the report said, have reached the limits of production, even as the U.S. population is projected to double in 50 years. The result, says association member David Pimentel of Cornell University, is that the U.S. could cease to be a food exporter by 2025, and the American diet, now 31 percent animal products, could drop to only 15 percent.

In 1996, the World Food Summit in Rome took a decidedly pessimistic tone about world food production, warning of an “unthinkable Malthusian nightmare” if global output is not doubled in the next 30 years to meet an expanding population and an increasing demand for meat. According to the British Independent, more than 800 million people do not get enough food to meet their basic needs, and 82 countries—half of them in Africa—neither grow enough food for their population nor can afford to import it.

Waste and Danger

China may be developing U.S.-style factory farming, but such intensive methods are still unknown in the Third World, where raising animals for slaughter is a much more haphazard affair. Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania, for instance, has no slaughterhouse at all, and animals are usually killed by meat vendors themselves, often under totally unhygienic conditions. (One popular site is located behind the toilets of a local pub.) Tanzania’s agricultural ministry has warned of outbreaks of typhoid, cholera and tuberculosis if uncontrolled slaughter continues.

Cattle, sheep and goats graze half of the planet’s land area, which is increasingly becoming depleted as a result. The United Nations estimates that more than 70 percent of the world’s eight billion acres of dry range land is at least moderately desertified. As Worldwatch reports, persistent grazing makes bare ground impermeable to rain, which then runs off, carrying topsoil with it. The picture is not much better in wetter regions, because cattle have to compete with farmers and are crowded into small areas, accelerating erosion and degradation.

Another major problem is animal wastes, which wash off farms and into rivers and streams, polluting everything from groundwater in the Czech Republic to the Chesapeake Bay. In the U.S., years of dumping hog waste into North Carolina rivers has led to the bizarre spectacle of Pfiesteria piscicida, a seemingly innocuous phytoplankton that, in the presence of phosphates from nutrient-rich wastes, turns into voracious “flagellated vegetative cells” that kill fish and are extremely toxic to humans.

Is Meat Safe?

This story could continue with meat-related horror stories, but it’s perhaps better to step back at this point and ask a few pertinent questions. Can we really expect our meat supply to be totally safe? And given both the diabolical efficiency of modern factory farming and rapidly increasing world population, do we really have any other choice? John Stauber, co-author of the alarming book Mad Cow U.S.A., which looks at the very real possibility of mad cow disease appearing here, says this about modern meat: “‘Safe’ is a relevant word, and it assumes we are aware of all the risks, which we rarely are. We need to better understand and publicize the dangers, known and suspected, of eating high on the food chain, and that includes fish and chicken. The recent ‘bad news’ about meat is just the tip of the iceberg. Governments and industry will do their best to protect the maximum sales and consumption of meat and to cover up, ignore and deny the risks.”

The conditions in the modern broiler chicken house—which can pack 70,000 birds in tight confinement—is a natural breeding ground for Salmonella, critics say.
Photo: Gail Eisnitz / Humane Farming Association

Stauber obviously believes we have a right to safer food, but Victor Davis Hanson, author of Fields Without Dreams: Defending the Agrarian Idea, believes that the public’s “desire for absolute safety” is unrealistic and needlessly burdening to the already overburdened family farmer. “Trying to insure absolute elimination of risk in an already safe fresh food supply is fraught with inconsistencies,” he says, adding that the public wants both to be able to buy perfect raspberries in January and have them grown without chemicals. Similarly, the public wants very inexpensive, readily available meat.

Dennis Avery, director of the Hudson Institute’s Center for Global Food Issues, could be called the anti-Lester Brown, because just about everything he says contradicts the work of The Worldwatch Institute. Instead of predicting scarcity and widespread famine as a result of modern farming methods, he says they’ll ensure abundance. The author of the provocatively titled Saving the Planet with Pesticides and Plastic, Avery confidently predicts that genetic engineering will bring us ever-increasing farm yields and solve world hunger. He could have added “factory farming” to his planet-saving list, since he’s a firm defender of it, claiming it actually has environmental benefits by allowing us to preserve wild lands. “If we went back to raising chickens on free range, it would take an additional 600,000 acres, the equivalent of all the crop land in Pennsylvania,” says Avery, a former agricultural analyst for the State Department. “The land trade-off is serious.”

If Avery agrees with Worldwatch about anything, it’s that rising worldwide affluence will drastically increase meat demand. “China’s meat production is rising at 10 percent a year,” he says. “They already have a billion pigs. If they lived outside, the erosion would be awful.”

Avery charges that what he calls “doomsday pundits” like Lester Brown and Jeremy Rifkin (author of Beyond Beef, a critique of factory farming), “are counter-productive for the environment. There is no real threat of famine, and they ignore the land price. Switching to free-range meat would force the world to plow down 10 or 20 million acres of wild land.”

Another optimist is Jerry Taylor, director of natural resource studies at the libertarian Cato Institute. “This argument that we’re doomed because the Third World is eating more meat has been around for 20 years,” he says. “But increasing our meat consumption in the west hasn’t led to any specific problems whatsoever. Caloric intake is increasing worldwide, not decreasing. Infant mortality is declining. Nutritional standards are improving. The world’s famine rates are the lowest in recorded history.” Taylor says supply-and-demand economics will take care of the looming China question. If feed grain becomes scarce, he says, the price will go up, and China will no longer buy it on world markets, thus easing the stress on production.

Like Hanson, Taylor advises us that “growing food is not now and has never been a risk-free endeavor,” and he is none too worried about E. coli, either. “Your chances of contracting either E. coli or Salmonella are less than being hit by a meteorite,” he says.

Jeremy Rifkin begs to differ. He points out that people like Taylor and Avery called him an alarmist when he warned in Beyond Beef that E. coli was a danger. “Now it’s a huge problem around the world,” Rifkin says, adding that meat irradiation “is a classic example of not dealing with the primary cause, which is the factory farming system. Use of irradiation will lead to a more lax regulatory rigor, less self-policing, and even more inhumane and unhygenic standards.”

Worldwatch’s Brian Halweil, a visiting scholar from Stanford, agrees that factory farming is no friend of the Earth. “These operations are a serious drain on land, grain and water resources, and the waste issue turns them into agricultural Chernobyls. According to Senator Tom Harkin (D-IA), who recently introduced a reform bill, one 50,000-acre hog farm under construction in Utah will produce more waste than the city of Los Angeles.”

The Root of the Problem

To understand what Rifkin means about factory farming being “the primary cause” of meat’s health crisis, it’s necessary to track how disease is contracted and spread from animals to humans. Until recently, most criticism of factory farming has come from animal rights groups that emphasize its inhumane aspects. But, as Nicols Fox meticulously documents in her new book, Spoiled: The Dangerous Truth About a Food Chain Gone Haywire, the conditions on factory farms are tailor-made incubators for disease.

The modern broiler chicken house, Fox says, is no quaint little farm building, but a poultry metropolis holding up to 70,000 genetically similar birds in close confinement. “There is every evidence that Salmonella and E. coli don’t have one cause but many, many causes,” she says. “Any stress exacerbates the presence of microbes in chickens. And dirty water, dirty food, all of these things have been shown to increase the presence of pathogenic microorganisms, which spread much more quickly through flocks that are essentially clones of each other.” In March, Consumer Reports revealed that its own testing had found Campylobacter in 63 percent of randomly selected chickens, and Salmonella in 13 percent. Only 29 percent of the birds tested were free of either bacteria. Almost all were infected with generic E. coli.

The Cato Institute’s Jerry Taylor denies that cleaning up the meat industry will slow the spread of E. coli and Salmonella since, he believes, these recent strains “have absolutely zip to do with the food system.” But Fox cites the example of Sweden, which has virtually eliminated Salmonella and drastically cut rates of Campylobacter infection through a strict hygienic regimen that includes rigidly controlled cleanliness for workers and the emptying, cleaning, disinfecting and sealing of hen houses after birds are sent to slaughter. Sweden also prohibits the use of antibiotics as a growth promoter. By killing other bacteria in chickens, Fox writes, commonly used poultry antibiotics can actually create an opportunity for Campylobacter or Salmonella to invade.

The animal waste problem is also a factory farming byproduct. One chicken house can process 1.5 million birds a week, and release 1.6 million gallons of wastewater per day. In one month in 1996, the state of Missouri had more hog manure spills and resulting fish kills than had occurred from all farming operations in the state in the past 10 years. Wastes once stayed on the farm, where they were used as manure. But, says Fox, “industrial meat companies are not farms so they don’t recycle wastes. It ends up in the ecosystem, creating enormous problems.”

Speed-Up on the Slaughterhouse Floor

Even if we fully adopted Sweden’s methods, and our factory farms became as clean as hospitals, disease would still be rife in our meat supply. The reason can be found in the next stop in the modern farming assembly line: the slaughterhouse.

Animal slaughter has become a multinational business. In 1980, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), it took 53 companies with 103 plants to slaughter two-thirds of the country’s cattle; by 1992, only three firms were doing the work in just 29 plants. Between 1984 and 1994, some 2,000 small slaughterhouses were driven out of business. The remaining mega-companies, many of them carrying big debt loads after consolidation, needed to maximize profits, and they did it by reducing workforces and speeding up the kill line. Factory workers say that inadequately stunned animals regularly run wild in slaughterhouses, endangering line employees, who either look the other way at food safety violations or lose their jobs.

According to Gail Eisnitz, author of the 1997 book Slaughterhouse, the other thing that fell by the wayside as the line cranked up was meat inspection. Eisnitz, who interviewed many slaughterhouse workers and federal meat inspectors, some of whom lost their jobs for talking to her, says, “The Humane Slaughter Act, while still on the books, has basically been repealed. Meat inspectors are not allowed to stop the line for violations—even though the law requires it—because their supervisors won’t allow it. The inspectors I talked to went on the record and said that the regulations are just pieces of paper that they’re unable to enforce. Deadly, contaminated meat is just pouring out of those plants, and I have the documentation to prove it.”

The meat inspectors lost their power as part of the Reagan administration’s deregulatory fervor. As Eisnitz reports, until the early 1980s, USDA poultry inspectors looked for contaminants like feces (a major source of E. coli infection), scabs and sores. Deregulation gave contamination responsibility to the workers; inspectors were reduced to looking for actual disease, which drastically curtailed their justification for stopping the line. The result, as the Atlanta Journal Constitution reported, is that millions of chickens “leaking yellow pus, stained by green feces, contaminated by harmful bacteria, or marred by lung and heart infections, cancerous tumors or skin conditions, are shipped for sale to consumers.” Since Upton Sinclair’s stomach-churning, legislation-inducing novel The Jungle, “things have only gotten worse,” says Eisnitz.


Consumption of US style fast food is skyrocketing in Asia, while Chinese meat production grows 10 percent a year.
1997 James Marshall

Given the horrific details, why would the rest of the world want to imitate American factory farming and slaughter methods? The simple answer is that our system is remarkably efficient. Worldwatch reports some basic arithmetic. In 1991, China had two billion chickens, but these farm-raised birds took as much as four times as long to reach marketable weights as U.S. poultry. “Thus at any given instant, China has more chickens than the United States, but during a year’s time, the U.S. raises and slaughters three times as many,” says Worldwatch. As populations increase, so does the need to produce more food to feed them, and increasingly the people’s choice—influenced by America’s overwhelming cultural pull—is meat.

“Meat is a symbol of affluence, and it becomes an addiction and a habit,” says Henry Spira, coordinator of Animal Rights International. He compares meat to tobacco, and believes that a “weight of evidence” will eventually steer people away from animal products as it is beginning to do with cigarettes. “It’s bad news for your health and the environment, and it needs to be deglamorized,” he adds. That obviously hasn’t happened yet. Dennis Avery laughs at the notion that people will take up vegetarianism in any great numbers. “I read Diet For a Small Planet 30 years ago,” he says, “but total meat consumption is still going up. In a 1993 survey, only seven percent of Americans identified themselves as vegetarians.”

For most people, a meat-centered diet is still the easiest, least-complicated choice, but it may not remain so. If Nicols Fox can write a line like, “If there were a contest for the most contaminated product Americans bring into their kitchens, poultry would win hands down” and not get taken to court by all 13 states with food disparagement laws, perhaps she’s on to something. But Fox wasn’t just talking. In 1995, a USDA baseline study on contamination of chickens found “greater than 99 percent of broiler chicken carcasses had detectable E. coli.” Add in the grim predictions about the future of the world grain supply and the loss of global grazing land, and the switch to meat could be stalled before it ever really gets off the ground.

JIM MOTAVALLI is the Editor of E.

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The Trouble With Meat
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Masculin Nombre de messages : 21879
Date d'inscription : 17/05/2007

MessageSujet: Re: Meat    Lun 20 Jan - 7:49

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Date d'inscription : 17/05/2007

MessageSujet: Re: Meat    Lun 3 Fév - 15:46

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Date d'inscription : 17/05/2007

MessageSujet: Re: Meat    Ven 14 Mar - 5:32

1 november 2013

Don’t Let Congress Eliminate State Animal Protection Laws: Stop Dangerous Farm Bill from Advancing We urgently need your help. Last night, leaders from the United States House of Representatives refused to allow debate on pro-animal amendments to the Farm Bill, while allowing the dangerous King Amendment to slide through. If enacted, the King Amendment would nullify the few state laws that do provide protection to farmed animals, such as laws banning cruel crates and cages, prohibiting the force-feeding of ducks, and forbidding horse slaughter and shark finning. This amendment also threatens laws governing environmental protection, worker safety, and more. All of our hard-fought victories could be lost. The King Amendment and the rest of the Farm Bill will be voted on by the House later tonight and tomorrow. We need your help to speak out immediately against this dangerous legislation, which will have devastating consequences if enacted. What You Can Do: Please contact your US representatives as soon as possible and urge them to vote “NO” on the Farm Bill. Representatives receive a lot of emails, so personalizing your message will make it stand out. Thank you for getting active to help our country’s farmed animals! In order to address your message to the appropriate recipient, we need to identify where you are. Please look up and use your full nine-digit zip for the best results. Please enter your zip/postal code:
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Masculin Nombre de messages : 21879
Date d'inscription : 17/05/2007

MessageSujet: Re: Meat    Ven 14 Mar - 5:34

November 1st 2013

Urgent Action Alert: Stop Dangerous Federal Farm Bill from Advancing

We urgently need your help.Last night, leaders from the United States House of Representatives refused to allow debate on pro-animal amendments to the Farm Bill, while allowing the dangerous King Amendment to slide through.If enacted, the King Amendment would nullify the few state laws that do provide protection to farmed animals, such as laws banning cruel crates and cages, prohibiting the force-feeding of ducks, and forbidding horse slaughter and shark finning. This amendment also threatens laws governing environmental protection, worker safety, and more.All of our hard-fought victories could be lost.

The King Amendment and the rest of the Farm Bill will be voted on by the entire House of Representatives later tonight and tomorrow. We need your help to speak out immediately against this dangerous legislation, which will have devastating consequences if enacted.Please contact your US representatives at once and urge them to vote “NO” on the Farm Bill.

Click here to take action!

Thank you for getting active to help farmed animals.
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Masculin Nombre de messages : 21879
Date d'inscription : 17/05/2007

MessageSujet: Re: Meat    Mer 23 Avr - 4:57

march 10th 2011

Farm to Fridge: How Much Cruelty Can You Swallow?

Beginning this week, Mercy for Animals-an animal advocacy organization--will begin a nationwide tour of the United States in an effort to raise awareness of the vicious cruelty suffered by factory-farmed animals.  Titled Farm to Fridge, the aggressive campaign starts in California and is expected to visit about 40 cities and cover 12,000 miles.  In what Mercy for Animals describes as a multimedia advocacy center on wheels, the custom-built truck is fitted with 80-inch television screens on which to view the documentary Farm to Fridge, as well as speakers and billboard-sized banners of confined factory farm animals with the question "How much cruelty can you swallow?" Volunteers will give leaflets of information to local residents on the cruelty of factory farming and the benefits of a vegetarian and vegan diet.  Some will wear specially outfitted iPad shirts with a viewing screen for people to view the 12 minute film Farm to Fridge.

Farm to Fridge quotes Nathan Runkle, Executive Director of Mercy for Animals.  "Most farmed animals know no kind touch or compassionate care, only a life filled with intensive confinement, abusive handling, painful mutilations, careless neglect, and merciless slaughter," says Runkle. "Farm to Fridge serves as a wake-up call to all American consumers that the meat, dairy and egg industries are morally bankrupt and should be boycotted." Farm to Fridge is a powerfully moving and graphically depicted 12 minutes of scenes from undercover investigations at factory farms throughout the U.S., many of which were done by Mercy for Animals. It is narrated by actor James Cromwell, well known for his role as farmer Arthur Hoggett in Babe – a delightful movie about a hog farmer's sheepdogs who train Babe the pig to herd sheep. Warning: The shots of how farm animals are raised and slaughtered on factory farms may not only make you cry, they may also make you sick.  If you think you have the courage and fortitude to view the film, you really should give it a try.  Click here to view Farm to Fridge.

Take Action

Mercy for Animals' Phil Letten will be heading up the tour.  If you would like to volunteer in your city, contact Phil and sign up.  You can reach Phil by email at or call him at 810-599-1278.  Volunteers are needed for leafleting and talking with the public about the inherent cruelty in factory farming and the benefits of a vegetarian/vegan lifestyle.  Public outreach toward awareness and education is the most effective way to spread the word and achieve a better life for animals and humans.
Cities scheduled so far include:
Los Angeles
San Diego
San Francisco
San Jose
Fort Lauderdale
Fort Myers
New Orleans
Las Vegas
New York:
New York City
North Carolina:
South Carolina:
El Paso
Salt Lake City
Washington, DC
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